Sunday, December 5, 2010

Witch's Hammer

Five hundred and twenty six years ago today, on December 5th 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued the Summis desiderantes affectibus (English: Desiring with supreme ardor). The SDA gave Dominican Inquisitors Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger explicit authority to prosecute witchcraft in Germany.

The Papal Bull describes witchcraft thusly:

"Many persons of both sexes, unmindful of their own salvation and straying from the Catholic Faith, have abandoned themselves to devils, incubi and succubi, and by their incantations, spells, conjurations, and other accursed charms and crafts, enormities and horrid offences, have slain infants yet in the mother's womb, as also the offspring of cattle, have blasted the produce of the earth, the grapes of the vine, the fruits of the trees, nay, men and women, beasts of burthen, herd-beasts, as well as animals of other kinds, vineyards, orchards, meadows, pasture-land, corn, wheat, and all other cereals; these wretches furthermore afflict and torment men and women, beasts of burthen, herd-beasts, as well as animals of other kinds, with terrible and piteous pains and sore diseases, both internal and external; they hinder men from performing the sexual act and women from conceiving, whence husbands cannot know their wives nor wives receive their husbands; over and above this, they blasphemously renounce that Faith which is theirs by the Sacrament of Baptism, and at the instigation of the Enemy of Mankind they do not shrink from committing and perpetrating the foulest abominations and filthiest excesses to the deadly peril of their own souls, whereby they outrage the Divine Majesty and are a cause of scandal and danger to very many (...) the abominations and enormities in question remain unpunished not without open danger to the souls of many and peril of eternal damnation.”


Sprenger and Kramer would collaborate on The Malleus Maleficarum which would be THE book on witchcraft for much of the 16th century.

Sprenger died suddenly in 1494.

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